Glorious Dead Cenotaph, Kolkata
In Remembering the terrible cost of the war, let us all work for peace and peaceful resolution of our difference.
Bruce Buckmell. British Deputy High Commissioner, Kolkata
The First World War (WWI), which was the known as the Great War of 1914 – 18, ended on 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of the year ie: 11:00 am of 11 Nov, 1918.
India Gate, a memorial to known and unknown soldiers
Rajpath (Kingsway), New Delhi
This was Rajpath – once the Kingsway – one of the greatest ceremonial ways of the world. It was planned as an Imperial Champs Elysees – complete with India Gate, its own butter coloured Arc de Triomphe. But it was far wider, far greener, far more magnificent than anything comparable in Europe.
William Dalrymple, City of Djinns
India Gate (originally called the All India War Memorial), the icon of Delhi, stands at the eastern end of Rajpath (formerly Kingsway). India Gate is a memorial to 80,000+ soldiers of the undivided Indian Army who died in the period 1914–21 in the First World War. It is also dedicated to the fallen soldiers of the Third Anglo-Afghan War. Of these 13,000+ names inscribed on the India Gate.
Remembrance Sunday, St. John’s Church, Kolkata
November 8, 2015
The First World War (WWI), which was the known as the Great War of 1914 – 18, ended on 11 November 1918 (11/11/18).
A year later in 1919 King George V inaugurated the first commemoration of the end of the Great War of 1914 – 18. Read more…
World War I (WWI) Plaque
Located on the southern edge of Delhi, Mehrauli is a region known for its large collection of Mughal and pre Mughal tombs and monuments.
The Glorious Dead Cenotaph
Maidan, Calcutta (Kolkata)
Cenotaph literally means an empty tomb or monument erected in honour of a person or group of people whose remains are elsewhere.
Located on the Northern end of the Calcutta (Kolkata) Maidan the Glorious Dead Cenotaph is the most well known of the WWI Memorials of Calcutta (Kolkata). It is popularly but wrongly known as the “Memorial of Unknown Soldiers.”
Designed by architect Herbert William Palliser, the sandstone built memorial loosely resembles the Cenotaph of Whitehall, London.
Built in 1924 the Glorious Dead Cenotaph commemorates those Calcutta British and Anglo Indians who gave their lives for King and Country between 1914 and 1918. The Eastern side of the cenotaph bears the inscription “Glorious Dead” on the lower portion.
The top portion of the Southern and Northern side contains strange inscription of MCMXIV and MCMXVIII respectively. But this are actually not random alphabets but Roman numerals representing 1914 and 1918, the beginning and end of the Great War. (M = 1000, C = 100, X = 10, V = 5, I = 1).
Strangely the memorial contains no plaques with the names of those fallen and probably because of this the memorial is commonly known as the memorial of unknown soldiers.
Armenian Genocide Day
24 April, Armenian Church, Calcutta (Kolkata)
Also see my blog post on Armenians of Calcutta (Kolkata)
“When we were marching from Mosul, Jumman [a sweaper of Bengal Ambulance Corps] saw an Armernian child on the banks of a stream near Ras al-‘Ain and picked him up. His mother must have died, and his father must have been killed… Jumman took on the responsibility of looking after the boy and named him Babulal. He used to call Jumman father (‘Baba’).”
Abhi le Bagdad by Sisir Sarbadhikiri
Source: Amitav Ghosh’s Blog
The amazing account came from a Bengal Ambulance Corps (BAC) volunteer Sisir Sarbadhikari’s diary which was later published as a book named Abhi le Bagdad (literally meaning Onwards to Bagdad). Written in Bengali it is a amazing first hand account of World War I (WWI). It is quiet likely that the Armenian boys parents were victims of the notorious Armenian Genocide.
World War I Memorials, Calcutta (Kolkata)
A Compilation of WWI Memorials in Calcutta (Kolkata)
From fallen soldiers to innocent victims of mass genocide, Calcutta (Kolkata) houses several memorials in memory of the martyrs of the Great War of 1914 – 18 (World War I). From well known towering memorials of British soldiers to hidden memorials dedicated to unknown regiments. Calcutta (Kolkata) WWI Memorials not only covers a wide range of history but also a diversified architectural style.