Home > Calcutta (Kolkata), Calcutta Heritage, General > Indentured Indian Labourers Memorial and Kolkata Port Trust Clock Tower

Indentured Indian Labourers Memorial and Kolkata Port Trust Clock Tower

Indentured Indian Labourers Memorial and Clock Tower

Kolkata Port Trust, Kidderpore, Kolkata

We are the forgotten children of mother India. Mauritius, Trinidad, Suriname, Guyana and Fiji celebrate Indian Arrival Day and have memorials for the Indian workers. But in India no one remembers them

David Sheoraj of Trinidad and Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs)

Kolkata Memorial, a tribute to the Indian Indentured Labourers, Kolkata Port Trust

Kolkata Memorial, a tribute to the Indian Indentured Labourers, Kolkata Port Trust

Fiji: 14 May, Mauritius: 2 Nov., Trinidad: 30 May, Guyana: 8 May, Suriname: 5 June, Jamaica: 10 May. These days are all national holidays in the respective countries and are known as the Indian Arrival Day.

English Inscription, Kolkata Memorial

English Inscription, Kolkata Memorial

Bengali Inscription, Kolkata Memorial

Bengali Inscription, Kolkata Memorial

Indian Arrival Day is celebrated in these countries to remember the day on which the first wave of Indian indentured labourers arrived in the respective countries.

These days are not only celebrated as holidays but also various cultural events are held by the  People of India Origin (PIO).

Sadly India has forgotten its lost children but Global Organization of People of Indian Origin (GOPIO) making all efforts to retrace the great Indian Diaspora.

The Kolkata Memorial, an initiative of GOPIO, at the Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) docks is a latest initiative to remember the Indian indentured labourers. It is a meaningful significance to the millions of descendants of those who left India as indentured Indian laborers from 1834 through 1920.

Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) Jetty

Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) Jetty

Kolkata (then Calcutta) was the port of call for the thousand of men and women who sailed across the kalapani in search of a fortune on other side of the world. They braved the high seas and sailed to far off lands in search of a better livelihood for themselves and their family.

Clcok Tower, Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT)

Clcok Tower, Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT)

The indentured workers were recruited from Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and the former Madras Presidency area.

Each colony, whether it was Mauritius, Guyana or Suriname had its depot in Calcutta where the indentured recruits were lodged while they waited for their sailing ship to arrive. From their depots they were taken to jetties or ghats to embark on the ships or the small boats that took them to the large ocean-going ships.

The jetties came to be known by the name of the destination to which the migrants were travelling.  Most of the jetties fell into disuse and were forgotten after the indentured sailings ended in the early 20th century.

Sadly these jetties can no longer be traced but the Suriname Jetty still exists (although the locals call it the Balu Ghat). In 2015 a small and simple memorial represents the statue of Babba and Mai or Mai Baap(Father & Mother).

The statue is a replica of the Baba and Mai monument in Parimaribo, Suriname’s capital, which symbolizes the first Indian man and woman to set foot on Suriname. Although extremely difficult to locate it is accessible to general public (Also see: Suriname Memorial).

Plaque at the Base of Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) Clock Tower

Plaque at the Base of Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) Clock Tower

But prior to the Suriname Memorial the Kolkata Memorial was inaugurated on January 11, 2011 at Kidderpore Depot by Vayalar Ravi, Minister of India’s Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA).

The Kolkata Memorial looks similar to the Suriname Memorial but have no statues. The simple memorial has inscriptions on all its four sides. English on two sides, while Bengali and Hindi on the other two. It glorifying the adventurous journey of the thousand of Indian indentured labourers.

Sadly, unlike the Suriname Memorial, the Kolkata Memorial is out of reach of general public. One needs a permission from the Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) to visit and photograph the memorial.

It can be approached through the Office of the Chief Mechanical Engineer at 8, Garden Reach Road, located next to the Swing Bridge.

Today the small memorial stands next to a Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) jetty on the banks of the Hooghly River with a grand view of the Second Hooghly Bridge (Vidyasagar Setu).

The Clock and Bell of Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) Claock Tower

The Clock and Bell of Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) Claock Tower

Next to the Kolkata Memorial is the brick red coloured Clock Tower of Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT). The tower was built in 1899 to help ships in transit to set their time. The tower was designed by W. Banks Gwyther and constructed by Martin and Company. The four dialed clock was set up by Cooke and Kelvey.

Although the clock tower was a witness to the later part of the great Indian migration, it had no direct connection with the voyages of the Indian indentured labourers.

Sadly in recent time the clock tower is often wrongly refereed to as the Demerara Clock Tower after a river and region in Guyana, where the Indian labourers landed.

The Clock Tower, with projecting balconies on all four sides, was renovated in 2013 and overlooks the mighty Hooghly River.

Permission Formalities: 

Since the Memorial is located within the Mechanical Workshop complex of the Port, visitors may contact the office of the Security Adviser , Kolkata Port Trust, at Port Security Organization HQ P-65 Circular Garden Reach Road , Kolkata 700043 beforehand  ( email – trafficgen@gmail.com, Phone 0332439-2443) . The Port always endeavours to facilitate an escorted visit within the complex during day-time in normal circumstances.

Special Thanks:

  1. My friend Sumanta Roychowdhury of Kolkata Port Trust (KopT) for putting me in touch with the concerned person.
  2. Goutam Charkaborty also from Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT) for not only arranging the necessary permissions but also providing valuable inputs for the blog post

  1. Vaidwatti
    March 21, 2017 at 2:33 AM

    How do one find this place

    • March 21, 2017 at 9:49 PM

      Dear Vaidwatti, the place is inside the port trust complex and you need a permission from the Kolkata Port Trust to visit the place.

      The detailed location of the place is already provided in the write up.

      • March 21, 2017 at 9:57 PM

        I was wit 9 other siblings in Kolkata on Feb 2017, we took a few Taxi and went to the Kidderpore Dock and talk with the security there, No one know anything at all we were very disappointed. So where exactly is the Kolkata Port Trust office please, we will be returning.

    • March 22, 2017 at 11:09 PM

      Dear Rose it was very unfortunate that you did not find the memorial, but it is nothing unusual. There are no signage and the area is restricted and locaals have no idea about its existence.

      Please drop me a mail at rangan@rangan-datta.info before your next visit to Calcutta. I will take you to the Kolkata Memorial and also the Suriname Memorial

  2. May 1, 2017 at 11:35 AM

    Hello I Am Nikita I am also a blogger and This is My hobbies to read travelig and other types of blogs. I want to learn more and more things about Travel and Food etc. I studied many articles on your Blog and Find awesome. You wrote very clearly on every topic. I am a travel Agents and I am Working in India Tour By Car and Driver. If You thing to come India Than Contact me Via My Mail Id

    • May 13, 2017 at 12:45 PM

      Hi, Nikita, nice to know that you are a regular follower of my blog.

  3. October 10, 2017 at 9:54 AM

    Thank you Sir. From my teen age, I have the question, why there are so Indians in West Indies team. Now I have the answer. In fact from 50’s West Indies team contain at least one player who have Indian Origin. Now I have te answer.

  4. November 27, 2017 at 11:13 PM

    Hi Rangan how are you doing? I sent you an email today.

    • December 29, 2017 at 9:06 PM

      I have replied your mail, hope you have received it, please confirm.

      Also do keep me updated about your next visit to Kolkat India.

  5. Nisha
    December 23, 2017 at 11:17 PM

    Thank you so much for guiding me to this! Really didn’t know the existence of this memorial. Have been to Mauritius twice and on both the times I became emotional on reading & seeing the stories of Indian immigrants.
    How would it feel to go from this place, sailing for days to reach that part of the world.

    These days, my travel revolves around revisiting history & joining the dots…. be it a movie, or something else.

    • December 29, 2017 at 9:16 PM

      Kolkata was the port of call for all these indenture labours who sailed not only to Mauritius but also to Suriname, Fiji, Trinidad and few other countries. This memorial is a general memorial, Kolkata also has a Suriname Memorial

      Recently the Mauritius depot in Kolkata has been identified, The land presently is owned by Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL). But they are planning to donate part of the land for setting up of an Indenture Labour of Mauritius Museum.

  6. March 18, 2018 at 8:07 AM

    8 Graden Reach Rd, Kolkata
    Gate #1

  7. May 4, 2018 at 1:31 AM

    We have put the Indenture Memorial on the Google Map now. There shouldn’t be much of a problem locating it. But yes, it is within a protected area, so please follow the rules. The Security personnel shall cooperate once you reach the workshop gate and tell them what you wish yo visit. Fill in your details and let someone escort you. It involves a five minute walk up and down.

    • June 4, 2018 at 11:08 AM

      Thank you Goutam da and the Kolkata Port Trust for all the initiative.

  8. Premchand Fakun
    December 24, 2018 at 9:40 PM

    I must very warmly thank Mr Rangan Datta who has volunteered to help me in tracing my roots back to Bihar following a post about it in one of his reporting. I knocked on several doors without any response. My heart had started bleeding witnessing this gross indifference.

    • August 6, 2019 at 7:47 PM

      Thank you Premchand Ji for all the words of aapriciation

  9. Lutchmin Vicki-ann Harding
    August 6, 2019 at 10:45 AM

    I was unaware of the Kolkata Memorial existence. happy to know the location .. especially after such a long time, I wish it could have been sooner so lots of our ancestors would have known they were not forgotten by the land of their birth … I think this Memorial for all the indentured labourers will bring some satisfaction to our ancestors that they were not totally lost and forgotten plus they will continue to be remembered by all the generations to follow…the Kolkata Memorial was a beautiful idea and will have great effective outcomes in the future…….

    • August 6, 2019 at 7:52 PM

      For a long time India has forgotten his long lost sons and daughters but things are on a change. Two memorials have already come up (the other is the Suriname Memorial ).

      There are evens plan for an Indenture Labour Museum.

  10. Hemant Maraj
    January 3, 2020 at 9:52 AM

    Thank you for this informative blog. Do we know where the jetty for Trinidad was located? Any update on the plans for the indentureship museum or any other sources of information on this history eg ship records?

    • January 14, 2020 at 8:21 PM

      Dear Mr Maraj it is difficult to locate the Trnidad Jetty only Suriname Jetty can be identified.

      The Suriname Jetty has a memorial and there is another memorial for all indenture labours.

      A indenture labour museum is being planned. There are also plans for digitisation of indenture archive

  11. January 12, 2020 at 1:08 PM

    Hello we are also covered on kolkata port trust news our news website you come to our news website read latest and related news.

    • January 12, 2020 at 1:09 PM

      That’s great. Can you please share the link

    January 14, 2020 at 1:40 PM

    Wonderful Information

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