Home > Calcutta (Kolkata), Calcutta (Kolkata) Chinatown, General > Choong Ye Thong, Chinese Church (Temple), Calcutta (Kolkata)

Choong Ye Thong, Chinese Church (Temple), Calcutta (Kolkata)

Choong Ye Tong, Chinese Church (Temple)

Meredith Street, Calcutta (Kolkata)

Also see: My blog post on Calcutta (Kolkata) Chinatown

Alter of Choong Ye Thong Chinese Church (Temple), Calcutta (Kolkata)

Alter of Choong Ye Thong Chinese Church (Temple), Calcutta (Kolkata)

I was  welcomed into a small courtyard, with walls lined with sepia tinted photographs bound in ornate frames. Flights of stairs led me to the the second floor housing a small hermitage housing beautiful images of unknown Gods and Goddess. Yes this is the Choong Ye Tong, Chinese Church (Temple), one of the seven Chinese Temples of Central Calcutta.

Choong Ye Thong Church Building

Choong Ye Thong Church Building

The Chinese settlement of Calcutta dates back to the late 18th century when a Chinese trader, Tong Achew settled near present day Budge Budge.

The then Governor General of India Warren Hastings offered Achew land and he set up a sugar mill complete with a sugar plantation. Achew soon brought a band of Chinese workers for his sugar project. But Achew died soon after & his mill was soon abandoned. The Chinese also deserted the place, which later came to be known as Achipur, after Achew.

Plaque, Choong Ye Thong Church

Plaque, Choong Ye Thong Church

The Chinese moved to the centre of Calcutta, where they settled in Tiretta Bazar. A market place designed by the disposed Italian architect and town planner Edward Tiretta. It was at this very place Calcutta’s (Kolkata’s) first China Town came up.

Today Tiretta Bazar has a significant Chinese population and still has a feel of China Town. The Chinese breakfast is still available for the early-birds in the Chatawala Guli. But the star attraction of Tiretta Bazar are the six Chinese Temples (or Churches), as the Chinese calls.

India and Taiwan Flag, Choong Ye Thong Church

India and Taiwan Flag, Choong Ye Thong Church

In Meredith Street, a short distance from Tiretta Bazar, is another Chinese Temple. Known as the Choonge Ye Tong Church it is located behind the Hindustan Building. The white coloured building with red coloured window sunshades creates a striking contrast amongst the hustle and bustle of one of the most chaotic areas of the city.

But Calcutta (Kolkata) is home to many such fine buildings but the plaque above the arch entrance sets the building apart. It reads Choong Ye Tong Church along with beautifully engraved Chinese calligraphy.

The Chinese Temple is run by the Choong Ye Thong club, which was established in 1860s by Hsieh Qui Chong. Even today the club owns a lot of property in Titetta Bazar (Old Chinatown) and also in Tangra (New Chinatown). Their properties include the Tian Hau Temple and the funeral Parlour in Tiretta Bazar. The Choonge Ye Thong Church initially started in early 1900s and shifted to the present location in 1935.

Photos, Choong Ye Thong Chinese Church (Temple), Calcutta (Kolkata)

Photos, Choong Ye Thong Chinese Church (Temple), Calcutta (Kolkata)

A walk through the arched entrance leads to a small courtyard. Straight ahead on the wall hangs the national flags of Indian and Taiwan and just below them are the portraits of M K Gandi and Sun Yat Sen, the respective Fathers of the Nation.

Chandeliers, Choong Ye Thong Church

Chandeliers, Choong Ye Thong Church

The side walls are filled with sepia tinted photographs bound in ornate frames, containing the portrait of Choong Ye Tong club president and group photos of its members. Sadly all the titles are in Chinese and it was not possible for me to find how far the photographs date back to.

The first floor opens into a open verandah lined with rooms, said to contain a library with amazing collection of Chinese Text. Sadly during my visit the room was locked.

The start attraction of the Choonge Ye Tong lies in its second and final floor, where it houses a small shrine dedicated to Chines Gods and Goddess.

A walk past the caretakers office leads to a small chapel housing idols of two Chinese deities, placed in glass cases. According to the caretaker one of the idols represent the Chinese version of Goddess Lakshmi. A large table, placed in front of the the idols occupy much of the room and used by devotees for placing their offering. It always contains a large assortments of fruits and vegetables.

Inside Choong Ye Thong Church

Inside Choong Ye Thong Church

A large assortment of chandeliers hung from the roof just at the entrance of the chapel and golden Chinese calligraphy in red background adds to the grandeur of the small but elegant shrine. A statue of two horses and a man stands in one corner of the courtyard.

According to the caretaker the Choonge Ye Thong Chinese Temple does not have regular service but remains open during the 7 am – 11 am every day. During festivals like Chinese New Year a large number of local Chinese assemble in the Temple.

Choonge Ye Thong Church is a perfect hideaway for people wanting to escape the chaotic existence of the city outside.

  1. July 31, 2013 at 10:59 AM

    Rangan da its always a pleasure to read ur detailed description of those hidden places in kolkata. Was eagerly waiting for your next post. Superbly written as always. Thanks for sharing the information. Lovely pictures.

  2. July 31, 2013 at 5:49 PM

    Very interesting place, Nice description… Thanks for sharing…

  3. Partha Sarathi Bose
    July 31, 2013 at 9:40 PM

    Nice and detailed information.Thank you Rangan babu for sharing…

  4. Saileena
    August 1, 2013 at 11:09 AM

    This is a lovely description :)..do you organize Calcutta Walks too?

    • August 1, 2013 at 9:41 PM

      Thanks Saileena. Calcutta Walks is an organisation who organises walking trips in Calcutta. They support my blog, you can see their logo in my blog.

      By the way I do also arrange walking trips independently.

  5. August 5, 2013 at 5:23 PM

    Thanks for your nice post. Really I like it.

  6. Atanu Basu
    February 4, 2014 at 1:08 PM

    It’s great ! Thank you for your great effort as a historian. I would like to share something related to Chinese culture with which I’m related little bit.i.e, ‘Hakka Mantis Kung Fu’ a speciality of Kolkata Chinese community Which I’m carrying out solely after 10yrs of cultivation & still maintaining as 1st master degree holder on behalf of Chinese community. For your kind information : My Grand Master Chen Kyue used to teach Kungfu in this Church in early 1900s.The scripture is still there in Choong Ye Thong Church.
    From : Indo Shaolin Kungfu Society.

    • February 13, 2014 at 11:19 PM

      Thanks Mr Atanu Basu for the info. I would love to carry out a blog post on Chinese Martial Art in calcutta.

      I have send you a mail and would require your help for the blog post.

  7. Swaraj Dev Burman
    June 5, 2015 at 1:26 PM

    Rangan Da, I Visited this place few days back, but they did not allow me to get inside the temple by saying that it is not allowed. so how can i see this temple. do i need to visit with some chinese one to get entry?

    • July 29, 2015 at 10:40 AM

      Dear Swaraj, the caretaker do create problems sometimes. You can give it a second try, hope you will be lucky.

  8. December 23, 2015 at 5:07 PM

    which buddhism this temple follows or is it taoist? anyway thanks to let us know that such a place exists in kolkata

  9. George Wong
    March 8, 2018 at 6:58 AM

    Thank you so much for sharing. Born and raised is Calcutta for almost 20 years and had no Idea these churches existed.

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